Schizophrenia, It’s Symptoms, Causes and Treatment.

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What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder associated with false thoughts, emotions, and perceptions. A person having schizophrenia disorder have difficulty in differentiating the real and imaginary thoughts, situations. It is a dominant mental disorder in Pakistan. It affects approximately 1.5% of the total population. Schizophrenia disorder occurs in both males and females. It commonly attacks the person among the age group of 15-40 years. Out of all schizophrenia type’s paranoid is the most common one. Majority of the people who are suffering from such mental disorder are not violent and don’t hurt others. Moreover, According to a study done 6% of the schizophrenia patients are at the risk of committing suicide due to depression which occurs when the problem worsens and he loses hope.

Schizophrenia Symptoms

An ample amount of people having schizophrenia disorder depend upon their community. They are incapable to manage their job and care for themselves. Few patients might show clear symptoms but some may seem perfectly ok until they explain what exactly they are thinking.  Schizophrenia symptoms are divided into 3 different categories. Symptoms may differ according to a person’s illness duration and frequency.

Positive Symptoms

1-Hallucinations: A person hears voices, smell various things and even see things that the other person around cannot perceive. Hallucinations are very real to the person who is witnessing it. It is very disturbing and confusing for a loved one to observe such symptoms.Hallucination voices are critical and threatening and some time may include commands for the individual.

2-Delusions:  A false beliefs of being famous or a religious personality or getting spied by someone. These beliefs get associated with the person having schizophrenia disorder and they don’t get changed even when new ideas and facts are presented to them. People with such schizophrenia symptoms have difficulty in thinking, concentrating and working.

Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Negative symptoms of schizophrenia affect a person’s ability to do work. Sometimes the negative symptoms are confused with depression.  Few of the symptoms are:

  1. Emotional Flatness
  2. Withdrawal from social Life
  3. Lack of interest
  4. Low energy
  5. Decreased in the ability to speak
  6. loss of emotions and pleasure
  7. Little in daily activities

Cognition Issues And Disorganized Thinking

People having such issues switch from one topic to another in a senseless manner. It is difficult for them to manage their daily works like hygiene and other activities. They often have difficult to remember things and organize and complete their tasks. At some moments they might feel nervous, tense and disturbing without being in any such situation.

Schizophrenia Causes

According to researchers, a number of risk factors might trigger such conditions. Here are the few of the schizophrenia causes.

Genetics: The complex interaction of environmental and genetic powers may cause such mental state. The chances of this condition to occur increases when you have a family history of any such mental state. Different composition of genes is also a factor that can cause such mental condition. But, genes alone are not the factor which induces such condition.

Brain Chemicals: Imbalance or problems with certain brain chemicals such as neurotransmitter stimulates the mental state schizophrenia. Levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin are associated with schizophrenia disorder.

Birth or Pregnancy Complications: Numerous studies have shown a link between schizophrenia and birth issues. People who are having this mental condition are having high chances that they might have experienced some complications during or before birth. Here are the following complications that can affect brain development

  • Lack of oxygen during the birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Early or premature labor

Stress: Stress is one of the chief psychological cause that initiates such a mental state. A person experiencing high levels of stress due to stressful life, events are on a higher risker of schizophrenia disorder. These experiences are working as a trigger in the development of such disorder. These stressful events might include:

  • Losing a loved one
  • Emotional or physical abuse
  • Losing a job or home
  • Work Load
  • A great financial loss

Drug Usage: Usage of drugs is not directly linked to schizophrenia disorder. Some studies have shown that increased use of drugs raises the risks of developing the disorder.

Schizophrenia Types:

There are a few types of schizophrenia disorder. The 4 important schizophrenia types among them are:

Paranoid: It is the most common type. The person in this state experience prominent delusions and hallucinations.

Hebephrenic: The person might experience disorganized behavior, speech and confused thoughts. It makes difficult for the person to perform their daily life activities.

Undifferentiated: A person has the signs of paranoid and hebephrenic types but doesn’t fit into any of the types alone.

Schizophrenia Treatment:

Though, there is not a proper treatment for schizophrenia. It can be treated and controlled by medications and psychological therapies. An individual may get back to a successful life if proper treatment is provided.

Medications:

Medications are mainly used to control the symptoms of schizophrenia disorder. Moreover, They help in controlling the imbalances in the brain. Such medications should only be taken on the prescription of your psychiatrist.

Psychological Treatments:

Psychotherapy along with medication plays the main role in the treatment of schizophrenia. Talk Therapy or Psychotherapy is a process in which the person talks with a therapist or psychiatrist in a comfortable, safe and confidential manner. They explore behaviors and understand the feelings of the individual going through schizophrenia. Psychotherapy treatment includes CBT, Family Therapy, Social Support or Group Therapy CAT and CR.

1-Social Support: Getting social support from the close social circle is a chief component in treatment. While going through the treatment, an individual requires strong support from the loved ones. By understanding and support individual learns to cope with the disorder.

2-Family Therapy: Family therapy encourages family members to provide support. Furthermore, It teaches them to look into the issues and solve them by discussing their nature. Family therapy helps in decreasing the chances of schizophrenia symptoms to reoccur.

3-CBT: Cognitive behavioral therapy works on a person thoughts, emotions and behavior. CBT helps to boost the cognitive working of the individual. In addition, The therapist works to develop positive ways of thinking that boost positive behavior and thoughts.

If you know someone or doubt someone who is undergoing such schizophrenia symptoms, encourage them to see the best Psychiatrist. So, They can get better treatment to get back to a happy and contented Life.