Root Canal Treatment : Procedure , Pain and Everything

Reading Time: 7 minutes

What is a Root Canal?


Root Canal is a term for the natural cavity in the center of the tooth where the tooth nerves are present. A process done to save your tooth from decay is known as Root Canal Treatment. Mainly, People need this Root Canal Procedure when there is an infection or cavity in roots of a tooth. During a Root Canal Treatment, your Dentist saves and repair you infected and decayed tooth.

Dentists remove the nerve and pulp of the tooth and a filling is placed to seal that space. Without, root canal treatment the surrounding tissues of the tooth get infected and in some severe cases Sores may form.

Reasons that lead to Root Canal Treatment

After having a dental checkup your dental care consultant might recommend you a root canal treatment.  You may get shocked and surprised because you never experienced any pain in your tooth.  So, here are the few other points and reason that you need to know. If you have any of them you may need to go for root canal procedure.

  • Swollen Gums
  • Dark Colored tooth.
  • Broken Crown
  • Having a white bump on gums that look like a pimple.
  • A tooth that senses strong pain on chewing some food.
  • Crack in a tooth.
  • A tooth that senses pain when exposed to some hot or cold food and drinks.
  • Decayed tooth

Root Canal Treatment Steps

No need to worry, and get scared if your dentist has recommended you a Root Canal Treatment. It is a comfortable and fast procedure to save your tooth. Let’s Have a Quick Look at the root canal Procedure to understand it. How it dismiss your tooth pain and help you in saving your natural tooth.

Step 1:

Inside your tooth, there is a soft tissue named as Pulp which is present beneath the white Body (Enamel) and a hard Layer known as Dentin. Pulp Contains all the nerves and root tissues that help the root of your tooth to grow during the development Stage. On Your First consultation with the dentist he diagnosis the deep infection of the root which is caused due to a cavity or some injury. You are advised to go through the further procedure of root canal treatment when your root becomes infected and swollen as shown in Fig 1.


Step 2: 
The dentist anesthetizes your tooth. An opening or pathway is prepared through the crown of the tooth to the pulp chamber. A needle is used in this procedure and you may feel a little pain when the needle is inserted in your tooth. After the tooth gets numb, the dentist may place a small sheet (Dental Dam) to keep your tooth dry and clean.

Step 3:

Your dentist will use special and small files for cleaning and clearing away all the damaged pulp inside your tooth. Moreover, they will shape the inside chamber of the tooth for filling.

Step 4:   

Once your chamber gets cleaned and dried thoroughly, your dentist will fill it with some permanent material. Gutta Percha is a frequently used material for filling the purpose. It helps in keeping the canals free from any contamination. To seal it for the moment your dental Consultant will cover it with a Temporary filling. After a few days, you will get a permanent crown on top of teeth. A permanent crown looks the same as a natural tooth cover.

Step 5:

After a few days, your consultant dentist will finish your root canal procedure by covering the filling with a permanent crown. A permanent crown will help in protection from further tooth decay, inflammation, and infections.

Here is a complete visual representation of the Root Canal Treatment

Steps for Care After Root Canal Treatment

A well restored and treated tooth can last a longer period of time with proper care. After your root canal procedure if you maintain good oral care it can last for a lifetime. Here are a few steps that we should know about good oral care:

Oral Hygiene—Brush your teeth at least twice a day, and floss once in a day.

Dental Checkups—Visit your dentist once in a six month for proper examination and cleaning.

Avoid Sugary Foods— Don’t consume canned foods and carbonated drinks that cause a cavity.

Avoid Hard Foods—Don’t chew hard foods such as ice. It can break your teeth and can affect your root canals.

One Should Not take his/her oral health for granted. If you are having any of the above mentioned signs. Book your appointment with the best dentists in town to get an affordable and quality treatment.

How painful is a root canal treatment

Upon asking several patients about the pain of root canal and even interviewing dentist we came to know that root canal treatment have a terrible reputation and people consider it a very painful procedure. But most of the dentist confirmed that a properly assessed and treated root canal is as close to painless as a normal filling. However, our team researched this question and prepare a list which is mentioned below as top reasons for the pain of root canal treatment.

Top Reasons for root canal pain:

  1. The dentist didn’t properly numb the patient for the procedure.
  2. Some people just do not freeze well or easily due to their physiology and nerve anatomy.
  3. The tooth is severely infected due to which patients are not frozen properly.


Dental root canal specialists are called Endodontists. In our modern times, endodontists utilize microscopes and cone beam CT scans to help them perform even the most complicated root canals. Root canals have come a long way and should not be feared anymore.