Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) PCOS is the most common hormonal disorder among females of childbearing age (16 – 55). Pakistani women are on a risk of PCOS. PCOS affects every 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. The prevalence of PCOS is much higher in Pakistani women that is 52% as compared to white women. The prevalence of infertility in Pakistan due to it is 21.9%.
In PCOS ovaries; female reproductive organs become inflamed and enlarged because of fluid-filled sacs called follicles. These follicles are under-developed sacs in which eggs develop, and are harmless. These sacs (follicles) usually contain egg cells, which are released during ovulation.
In PCOS these sacs are unable to release egg cells leading to infertility. Mostly PCOS result in hormonal imbalance along with various symptoms including irregular periods, heurism (abnormal hair growth on face and body), acne, depression, and weight gain.
If untreated, over the span of time, it can lead to serious health problems, including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancers. The exact root cause of the disorder is not known; however, there are a number of associated risk factors including weight gain, lack of physical exercise and a family history of the disease.
“I can safely say that PCOS is very common in Pakistan,” says Dr. Usama Ishtiaq
Causes of PCOS
The exact cause of PCOS isn’t known. Factors that might play a role include:
Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas that allows cells to use sugar, your body’s primary energy supply. If your cells become unaffected by the action of insulin, then your blood sugar levels can rise and your body might produce more insulin
This term is used to define the manufacturing of drugs for white blood cells to combat infection. Research has shown that females with PCOS have a low-grade form of inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to generate androgens that can cause issues with the heart and blood vessels.
Research indicates that some genes may be associated with PCOS.
The ovaries generate abnormally elevated androgen concentrations, leading to acne and hirsutism.
Researchers believe that Pakistani women are on a risk of PCOS because of stress and environmental factors (including diet, exercise, and pollution) that play a role in the development of PCOS. Other possible causes include excessive prenatal exposure to male hormones (androgen or testosterone) and excessive insulin production.
What Should You Eat In PCOS
- Sweetened juice, heavy syrup canned fruit or applesauce sweetened.
- Starchy vegetables like potatoes, maize, and peas.
- Refined white flour products such as white bread and pasta, bagels and white rice.
- Sugary beverages like soda or juice.
- Successful products like cookies, cakes, and sweets.
Your doctor may suggest weight loss in combination with mild exercise operations through a low-calorie diet. Even a small weight decrease— losing 5% of your body weight, for instance — could enhance your condition. Losing weight may also improve the efficacy of PCOS medicines recommended by your doctor and may assist with infertility.
To regulate your menstrual cycle, your doctor might recommend:
- Birth control pills combined. Pills containing estrogen and progestin lower the manufacturing of androgen and control the production of estrogen. Regulating your hormones can reduce your endometrial cancer risk and correct anomalous bleeding, excess hair development and acne. You may be using a skin patch or vaginal ring that includes a mixture of estrogen and progestin instead of pills.
- To assist with weight loss. Drug therapies are sometimes used to help with weight loss in relation to practice and diet, although they tend to come with important side effects. Xenical (orlistat), medicine capable of preventing fat absorption. Qsymia, a suppressant of appetite (phentermine/topiramate). Belviq, another suppressant of appetite.
As a disease manifesting its effects on different days, it is difficult to diagnose at first instance. There is not a single diagnostic marker and diagnosis is based on a series of exams, including imaging, physical examination, blood work, and careful inspection of symbols.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is not an easy disorder to battle. But, it is not impossible to manage it, given that the instructions and diet plans provided by gynecologists and nutritionists are followed strictly you can manage it. If you have any queries related to it just book your teleconsultation with the best gynecologist and nutritionist in Pakistan at InstaCare.pk